Together with Ulcerous Colitis, Chron’s disease is categorized into inflammatory bowel diseases. The direct cause of these illnesses is still unknown, though most scientists agree that excessive immunology reaction (possibly autoimmune reaction) causing chronic inflammation is an underlying process.
Chron’s disease makes no selection on where, when and whom to attack. It is usually diagnosed at the age of 20 to 30, but it is common among pediatric, as well as among geriatric patients. It affects both gender and any are of the digestive system, from mouth to anus. The most frequently affected are lower parts of small intestine. These patients can find themselves in a life-threatening situation, but it usually just deteriorates everyday life’s quality.
How to confront this disease?
Treatment options are mostly symptomatic because there is no effective cure at the moment. Several drugs, surgery, and adequate nutrition are used to relieve the symptoms, improve patient’s nutrition, keep the disease in remission and increase the quality of life. Medications usually involve anti – inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressives, and immunomodulators. When needed, antibiotics are added to the therapy, so as anti-diarrheal drugs and electrolyte solutions. The therapy is usually lifetime commitment, and patients have to adjust their lifestyle according to the symptoms.
Can healthier eating help you fight CD?
Optimization of nutrition is not enough to keep Crohn’s disease under control, but adjusted eating is quite a significant part of the therapy approach. This sounds easy at first, but considering frequent diarrhea, loss of weight and appetite, nausea these patients suffer, so as the irritating effect of some nutritions, optimizing diet to these patients is a pretty challenging task. The trick is to choose nutritions and eating habits that support healing of intestine lining and control symptoms of the inflammations and avoid those that aggravate symptoms. There is no universally applicable diet that works for every patient. Thus, some doctors recommend keeping a food diary and monitoring effects of various nutritions.
Nutrition tips and tricks to keep you in remission
• Increase your fluids intake
Severe diarrhea leads to dehydration, and that can result in dangerous electrolyte dysbalance or damage kidney function. It’s the best to go for water or organic juices but stay away from alcohol and carbonated beverages.
• Decrease consumption of dairy products
According to many patients’ reports, these products tend to promote abdominal pain, diarrhea, and gasses, so you should probably avoid them completely or at least significantly decrease the consumption.
• Low-fat food and low – fiber food is intestine-friendly in this case
Middle parties of the small intestine are crucial for digestion and absorption of far. If your CD involves these parts, keep butter, sauces, and fried food off your plate. Also, high – fiber food takes longer to pass down the bowls, especially in patients with intestine strictures caused by inflammation.
This worsens the symptoms, particularly abdominal pain. To avoid this mistake, switch fresh fruits and vegetables with steamed, cooked or baked food. Cabbage, nuts and popcorn are also to be avoided.
• Smaller, but frequent
Try not to put pressure on your bowls. Divide your daily dose of food into five to six smaller portions instead of three big meals that are bigger job to do for the intestine.
• Not friendly nutrition
All sort of spicy foods, so as all vices – alcohol, caffeine and cigarettes are pretty dangerous and usually cause dramatic worsening of symptoms.